Maternal Depression & Anxiety Research

postpartum depression researchPostpartum Progress Research Citations

Below is a selected list of published research studies from respected journals that are related directly to postpartum depression, postpartum anxiety, postpartum psychosis and antenatal depression.

If you know of important studies that you believe should be added here, please email me at postpartumprogress {at} gmail {dot} com.  Please note that this list is by no means exhaustive.

(Note: You are welcome to link directly to this page from your own site.  Please do not copy and paste it.)

Policy Briefs & Reports

Maternal Depression Can Undermine the Development of Young Children, Center on the Developing Child, Harvard University, 2009

Identifying And Treating Maternal Depression: Strategies & Considerations for Health Plans, National Institute for Healthcare Management Foundation Issue Brief, 2010

Reducing Maternal Depression and Its Impact On Young Children, National Center for Children in Poverty, 2008

Improving Maternal Mental Health, World Health Organization, 2008



Freeman (2009) Focus on Women’s Mental Health: Perinatal Mental Health: New Data Regarding Risk Factors and Treatment Considerations, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

Bennett (2009) Patient attitudes regarding help seeking intention for depression in gynecologic and obstetric settings, Archives of Women’s Mental Health

Lancaster (2009) Risk factors for depressive symptoms during a pregnancy: a systematic review, American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology

Prevalence of Self-Reported Postpartum Depressive Symptoms (2008) Centers for Disease Control PRAMS Study

Vesga-Lopez et al (2008) Psychiatric disorders in pregnant and postpartum women in the United States, General Psychiatry

Zittel-Palamara et al (2008) Desired assistance versus care received for postpartum depression: Access to care differences by race, Archives of Women’s Mental Health

Lindahl (2005) Prevalence of suicidality during pregnancy & postpartum, Archives of Women’s Mental Health

Oates (2003) Suicide the leading cause of maternal death, British Journal of Psychiatry

Beck (2001) Predictors of postpartum depression, Nursing Research

Postpartum Psychosis

Spinelli (2009) Postpartum psychosis: Detection of risk and management, American Journal of Psychiatry

Yonkers at al (2004) Management of Bipolar Disorder During Pregnancy & the Postpartum Period, American Journal of Psychiatry

Chaudron (2003) The relationship between postpartum psychosis and bipolar disorder: A review, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

Postpartum Anxiety & OCD

Wenzel (2005) Anxiety symptoms and disorders at 8 weeks postpartum, Journal of Anxiety DisordersBrandes, Soares, Cohen (2004)

Postpartum onset obsessive-compulsive disorder, Archives of Women’s Mental Health


Screening Tools, MedEdPPD,

American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists Committee Opinion No. 453, Screening for depression during and after pregnancy

Rowan et al (2012) Outcomes from implementing systematic antepartum depression screening in obstetrics, Archives of Women’s Mental health

Reay (2011) Long-term outcomes of participants in a perinatal depression early detection program, Journal of Affective Disorders

Chaudron et al (2010) Accuracy of depression screening tools for identifying postpartum depression among urban mothers, Pediatrics

Miller et al (2009) Beyond screening: assessment of perinatal depression in a perinatal care setting, Archives of Women’s Mental Health

Sit and Wisner (2009) Identification of postpartum depression, Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology

Sheeder et al, (2009) Screening for postpartum depression at well-child visits: Is once enough during the first 6 months of life?, Pediatrics

Hanusa et al (2008) Screening for depression in the postpartum period: A comparison of three instruments, Journal of Women’s Health

Gjerdingen and Yawn (2007) Postpartum depression screening: Importance, barriers and recommendations for practice, Journal of American Board of Family Medicine

Wilen et al (2006) You can’t tell by looking, Maternal and Child Health Journal

Gaynes et al (2005) Perinatal depression: Prevalence, screening accuracy and screening outcomes, AHRQ Evidence Report/Technology Assessment #119,

Olson et al (2005) Two approaches to maternal depression screening during well-child visits, Pediatrics

Boyd, Le (2005) Review of screening instruments for postpartum depression, Archives of Women’s Mental Health

Heneghan et al (2000) Do pediatricians recognize mothers with depressive symptoms?, Pediatrics


Koren, Nordeng (2012) Antidepressant Use During Pregnancy: The Benefit-Risk Ratio, American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology

Yonkers et al (2009) The Management of depression during pregnancy: a report from the American Psychiatric Association and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, General Hospital Psychiatry

Dennis (2006) Postpartum Depression Help-Seeking Barriers and Maternal Treatment Preferences: A Qualitative Systematic Review, Birth

Impact of Untreated Antenatal and Postpartum Depression

Lieferman (2002) The Effect of Maternal Depressive Symptomatology on Maternal Behaviors Associated With Child Health, Health Education & Behavior

Essex et al (2001) Timing of Initial Exposure to Maternal Major Depression and Children’s Mental Health Symptoms in Kindergarten, British Journal of Psychiatry

Bonari et al (2004) Perinatal Risks of Untreated Depression During Pregnancy, Canadian Journal of Psychiatry

Hammen et al (2003) Severity, Chronicity and Timing of Maternal Depression and Risk for Adolescent Offspring Diagnoses, Archives of General Psychiatry

Huang et al (2006) The Spiraling Effects of Maternal Depression on Mothers, Children, Famiies and Communities, Issue Brief 2, Annie E. Casey Foundation

Murray (1992) The Impact of Postnatal Depression on Infant Development, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

Luoma et al (2001) Longitudinal study of maternal depressive symptoms and child well-being, Journal of American Academy of Adolescent Psychiatry

Grace et al (2003) The effect of postpartum depression on child cognitive development and behavior: a review and critical analysis of the literature, Archives of Women’s Mental Health

Moehler (2006) Maternal depressive symptoms in the postnatal period are associated with long-term impairment of mother-child bonding, Archives of Women’s Mental Health

Li (2008) Presence of depressive symptoms during early pregnancy and the risk of preterm delivery: a prospective cohort study, Human Reproduction



Risk Factors

Multiple Births Are a Risk Factor for Postpartum Maternal Depressive Symptoms, Pediatrics, 2009

Association Between Diabetes and Perinatal Depression Among Low-Income Mothers, JAMA, 2009

Psychiatric Disorders in Pregnant and Postpartum Women in the United States, Archives of General Psychiatry, 2008

Depression Common Following Successful IVF, MGH Center for Women’s Mental Health, 2008

Antenatal risk factors for postpartum depression: a synthesis of recent literature, General Hospital Psychiatry, 2004